Gallbladder

Gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ, stuck to the liver which stores bile in between meals. Gall bladder removal is one of the most common operations performed in the world. Generally, the operation is uneventful but rare complications like bile duct injury may occur, which requires on a table or delayed repair by experienced hands.

Gallbladder cancer is cancer that begins in the gallbladder. Gallbladder Cancer is rare, Starts from cells in the gallbladder start to grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should. The main function of the gallbladder is to store bile, also called gall.

Causes

Gall Bladder cancer is caused due to variations in the cells of the bladder which occurs most often with chemical exposure. Mutations in the DNA of the cells can change the growth and division cycle thereby causing an uncontrolled mass of tumor cells.

Risk Factors for Gallbladder Cancer

Porcelain Gallbladder and Inflammation: Gallstones and Inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis) are the most main risk factors for gallbladder cancer. Gallstones are solid material, like little rocks, that form in the gallbladder. This is when your gallbladder seems white, like porcelain because walla are looked like wall Calcified.

Sex: Women are affected by Gallbladder Cancer Two to Six Times more often than men.

Age: Gallbladder cancer is mainly seen in old people. But Younger people can early recover from it. The average age is diagnosed with people who are 72. Most people with gallbladder cancer affects people over 65 or older when it's found.

Smoking: Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Which is a risk factor for gallbladder disease? People who smoke the increased risk of gallbladder cancer.

Family Records of Gallbladder Cancer: People with family records of gallbladder cancer are 5 times more likely to grow gallbladder cancer than those with no relatives with it. Because gallbladder cancer is so rare, this rise in risk is still very small.

Problems are:

1. Gall bladder stones - most common problem, symptomatic gall stones requires an operation. In incidentally detected stones intervention is usually not necessary,
2. Polyp - Most common is benign but may harbor cancer. Treatment depends on size, number and age.
3. Cancer - Most dangerous and aggressive cancer, requires resection of part of the liver, gall bladder and lymph nodes.
4. Other problems like Acute or chronic cholecystitis, or post gall bladder removal issues requires surgical intervention.

Diagnosis:

Tests and methods used to diagnose Gallstones and Complications of Gallstones include:

1. Gastric Ultrasound:

This test is the one most used to look for symptoms of gallstones. Gastric ultrasound involves moving a device (transducer) back and ahead over your abdomen area. The transducer transmits signs to a computer, which generates pictures that show the structures in your stomach.

2. Computed Tomography (CT) Scan:

CT scan is a combination of x-rays and computer technology to create pictures of your pancreas, gallbladder, and bile ducts. CT scans can show gallstones or difficulties such as disease and blockage of the gallbladder or bile ducts. However, CT scans also can drop gallstones that you may have.

3. Blood tests:

Blood tests show infection, disease, jaundice, pancreatitis, or other complications created by gallstones.

Follow Up Care After Gallbladder Cancer

Even if you have finished your gallbladder cancer surgery, your Surgeon will keep a tab on your health to know about the recurrence risks.

It is important to go for routine follow-up appointments. During these appointments, your doctor may ask several topics and do some medical tests. On the basis of the results of the tests, the doctor may improve your prescribed new.


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